Taj Mahal Wallpapers
The origin of the name Taj Mahal is not certain. Court histories from Shah Jahan's reign only call it the rauza (tomb and mosque complex) of Mumtaz Mahal. It is generally believed that Taj Mahal (literally translated as "Crown Palace" or "Crown of the Palace") is an abbreviated version of Mumtaz's name.  (http://rubens.anu.edu.au/student.projects/tajmahal/hist_sign.html). Today, it is sometimes simply and evocatively referred to as - the Taj.
The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia. Over 1,000 elephants were used to transport building materials during the construction. The white marble was brought from Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab and the jade and crystal from China. The turquoise was from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, while the sapphire came from Sri Lanka and the cornelian from Arabia. In all, 28 types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble. The total cost of construction was about 40 million Rupees, at a time when 1 gram of gold was sold for about 1.3 Rupees.
Details of the outside wallThe architectural complex of the Taj Mahal covers an area of approximately 1900'x 1000' and comprises of five main components: the darwaza (gateway), the bageecha (garden) which is in the form of the typical Mughal charbagh (garden divided into four parts), the masjid (mosque), the mihman khana (guest house), and finally the mausoleum or the tomb of Taj Mahal, at the Northern end of the complex.
Schematic plan of Taj complexThe tomb complex was designed to be accessed from both the Northern and the Southern sides, from the river Yamuna as well as by land. The entry from the landside has the gateway and other utility buildings constituting the front (and Southern) part of the complex. On entering the gateway which visually frames the tomb, one is inside the charbagh. Measuring 1000' x 1000', the garden has sunken parterres or flower-beds, raised pathways, water channels that reflect the Taj and avenues of trees. At the termination and along the central axis articulated by the garden is the tomb. To the Western or Mecca side of the tomb is a mosque of red sandstone that sanctifies the complex and provides a place for pilgrims to worship. On the Eastern side is a structure that duplicates the mosque in order to maintain architectural symmetry. This is known as the jawab ("answer") and was put to use as a guest house.
Gateway to the Taj Mahal, view from CharbaghThe tomb of Queen Mumtaz Mahal stands on a raised terrace with four minarets at each corner framing the tomb. The minarets are believed to slant outwards so that in the event of an earthquake they will fall away from the tomb. Like most Mughal tombs, the Taj shows a lot of Persian influence. A derivative of a square in plan with edges chamfered, it is a multi-chambered structure with a central main chamber surrounded by eight divisions ( of which four are important bays) with openings in the form of arched alcoves. The central chamber is surmounted by a bulbous double dome (having inner and outer layers) generally referred to as the onion or Tartar or Persian dome because of its form. There are four chattris (small domes over pavilions) over the surrounding bays which articulate the main dome. The cenotaph is at the entry level of the main chamber whereas the grave is at the level below. The black and white chessboard marble floor inside the tomb chamber and the pietra dura artwork that includes geometric patterns, plants & flowers are impressive.
Various studies on the Taj speculate on what makes it unique and beautiful. One reason is attributed to its perfect proportions and geometry. Another is ascribed to the various moods that the Taj presents to its viewers. Clad in delicate, white Makrana marble, the Taj changes its character across time as the light changes- dawn, noon, twilight, night. The shadows that fall on the marble too enhance the effect, being very delicate. The Taj is considered especially etheral when viewed on a full moon night. For Tagore, the Taj was a "tear in the face of eternity".
Taj Mahal, view from South-Eastern gardensAn unlikely legend claims that after the completion of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan had the eyes of architect Ustad Ahmed gouged, ensuring that nothing could be built competing with its magnificence.
An identical complex was originally supposed to be built on the other side of the river, in black marble instead of white. There is some archaeological evidence to support this theory. If plans for such a structure did exist, however, it was never completed for unknown reasons.
As part of the struggle for succession, Shah Jahan was put under house arrest at nearby Agra Fort by his son Aurangzeb, and legend has it that he spent the remainder of his days there gazing from a window at the Taj. He was buried in the Taj Mahal, next to his wife.
By the late 19th century, parts of the Taj Mahal had fallen badly into disrepair, and some of the cut marble had been stolen for use elsewhere. British viceroy Lord Curzon ordered a restoration project. At the same time the traditional garden was replaced with the more English-looking lawns that are visible today.
The Taj Mahal, as of 1983, is an UNESCO World Heritage Site and a major tourist destination (source: www.wikipedia.com)
Taj Mahal Gallery:
Relates News And Gossip
Filed under: Classics, Sedan, Videos, Celebrities, Russia, MISC
One of the many reasons we love Jay Leno's Garage is the depth of the comedian's collection and his appreciation for the unappreciated. Most men of his financial and social standing with even a passing interest in automobiles would occupy their driveways with six- and seven-figure high performance and luxury cars - they wouldn't even know what something like this 1966 Volga GAZ-21 is, let alone offer it a spot in their garage mahal.
Yet here is Leno, pouring over this ex-KGB staff car in detail and trying on his best labored Russian accent, genuinely fascinated by this small sedan. With a three-on-the-tree, primitive leaf-spring suspension and 95 horsepower from its 2.5-liter four-cylinder, this unrestored sedan - still riding on made-in-USSR tires - doesn't sound terribly exciting on paper, but Jay does a good job of outlining its features and putting it into historical context. He even tells a brief-but-amusing yarn about driving the car through Russian immigrant neighborhoods in the Los Angeles area. Learn more about this Cold War curiosity by scrolling below to watch the video.Continue reading 1966 Volga GAZ-21 pops into Jay Leno's Garage1966 Volga GAZ-21 pops into Jay Leno's Garage originally appeared on Autoblog on Thu, 02 May 2013 16:29:00 EST. Please see our terms for use of feeds.Permalink | Email this | Comments
Charter’s Tom Rutledge didn’t make the point as forcefully as Time Warner Cable CEO Glenn Britt did this morning. But asked whether he might follow his colleague who vowed this morning to cut underperforming cable channels Rutledge told the UBS Global Media and Communications Conference that “we’re looking at similar kinds of savings.” The current system that requires viewers to pay for channels that they don’t watch “is perfection if you’re a content company.” Yet Rutledge says that Charter is “in the same position” as Time Warner Cable — and other pay TV providers — grappling with rising outlays for programming. It’s “a real issue” that “puts pressure on the business and pressure on more unique kinds of content,” Rutledge says. Beyond that, the Charter chief says he’s eager to bring digital efficiency to a company that’s been “abused” by financial problems. It briefly filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009. Speaking of the quality of his systems, Rutledge says that “in†some places its Taj Mahal and in other places itís not.” Satellite companies have more customers than Charter does in its territories. The CEO hopes to change that by going all digital, and storing program guide and other data in a server instead of set-top boxes. That would save money, and enable Charter to easily update information and software. “When you look at an iPad and watch television on it, itís [in effect] a set top box ... Read More »
Hector "Macho" Camacho, a Puerto Rican boxer known for skill and flamboyance in the ring as well as for a messy personal life and run-ins with the police, was declared dead on Saturday, four days after being shot in the face. He was 50.
Hector "Macho" Camacho will be taken off life support, his mother said Friday night, indicating she would have doctors do that Saturday. It was a decision the former championship boxer's eldest son opposed.
Family and friends of Hector 'Macho' Camacho are keeping a somber vigil at the hospital in Puerto Rico where he remains on life support.
Filed under: Performance, SUV, Land Rover, Luxury
One of the vehicles that will expand the Land Rover lineup over the next seven years is a seven-seat Range Rover Sport. The LR4/Discovery is currently the only Land Rover to offer a seven-seat package, even though it's not exactly roomy in the third tier. The present Range Rover Sport sits on the same platform as the LR4, but being two inches shorter overall and having a wheelbase 5.6 inches shorter, it provides only just enough room for second-row passengers.
Based on a report in Auto Express, that will change upon the introduction of the 2014 Range Rover Sport that uses the same platform as the recently introduced 2014 Range Rover. The new big brother is eight inches longer overall and has a wheelbase seven inches longer than the current Range Rover Sport. That will provide the coming Sport, obviously longer than it is now yet certain to be shorter in length and wheelbase than the Range Rover, a fair dose of room to play with to accommodate another two occupants.
Even so, it won't be the Taj Mahal back there. Reports have declared the coming SUV to be lower than it is now and have a more pronounced slope to the backlight, the Auto Express article adding that it will have a sloping roof reminiscent of the Evoque. In spite of the increased dimensions and people-hauling capacity, a focus on sporting performance, along with the aluminum platform and an aluminum body, should help keep things properly motivating.Next-generation Range Rover Sport to get seven-seat option originally appeared on Autoblog on Wed, 14 Nov 2012 08:29:00 EST. Please see our terms for use of feeds.Permalink | Email this | Comments
Popular Tag Clouds